Thursday, June 29, 2017

[DoL] Minimum Wage Laws in the States - January 1, 2017

Note: Where federal and state law have different minimum wage rates, the higher standard applies.
 


Green
States with minimum wage rates higher than the federal
DarkPurple
 
States with no minimum wage law (federal minimum wage rate applies)
Blue
States with minimum wage rates the same as the federal
LightPurple
 
States with minimum wage rates lower than the federal (federal minimum wage rate applies)
Gray
American Samoa and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands have special minimum wage rates.
 
Minimum Wage and Overtime Premium Pay Standards Applicable to
Nonsupervisory NONFARM Private Sector Employment
Under State and Federal Laws
January 1, 20171

Alabama Minimum Wage Rates
ALABAMA
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours2
Daily
Weekly
No state minimum wage law.




Alaska Minimum Wage Rates
ALASKA
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly


8
40

$9.80


Under a voluntary flexible work hour plan approved by the Alaska Department of Labor, a 10 hour day, 40 hour workweek may be instituted with premium pay after 10 hours a day instead of after 8 hours.
The premium overtime pay requirement on either a daily or weekly basis is not applicable to employers of fewer than 4 employees.
The state minimum wage is to be adjusted annually for inflation using the Consumer Price Index (CPI) for the Anchorage metropolitan area for the preceding January-December calendar year, Alaska Statute 23.10.065(a).

AMERICAN SAMOA
American Samoa has special minimum wage rates.

Arizona Minimum Wage Rates
ARIZONA
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
$10.00


Rate is increased annually based upon a cost of living formula.

Arkansas Minimum Wage Rates
ARKANSAS
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
(Applicable to employers of 4 or more employees)
$8.50

40

California Minimum Wage Rates
CALIFORNIA
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
Applicable to employers with 25 employees or less
Applicable to employers with 26 employees or more
$10.00
8
Over 12 (double time)
40; on
7th day: First 8 hours (time and half)
Over 8 hours
on 7th day
(double time)
$10.50
Any work in excess of eight hours in one workday, in excess of 40 hours in one workweek, or in the first eight hours worked on the seventh day of work in any one workweek shall be at the rate of one and one-half times the regular rate of pay. Any work in excess of 12 hours in one day or in excess of eight hours on any seventh day of a workweek shall be paid no less than twice the regular rate of pay. California Labor Code section 510. Exceptions apply to an employee working pursuant to an alternative workweek adopted pursuant to applicable Labor Code sections and for time spent commuting. (See Labor Code section 510 for exceptions).

Colorado Minimum Wage Rates
COLORADO
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$9.30
12
40
Minimum wage rate and overtime provisions applicable to retail and service, commercial support service, food and beverage, and health and medical industries.
Rate is increased or decreased annually based upon a cost of living formula.

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Minimum Wage Rates
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$6.05



Connecticut Minimum Wage Rates
CONNECTICUT
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$10.10

40
In restaurants and hotel restaurants, for the 7th consecutive day of work, premium pay is required at time and one half the minimum rate.
The Connecticut minimum wage rate automatically increases to 0.5 percent above the rate set in the Fair Labor Standards Act if the federal minimum wage rate equals or becomes higher than the State minimum.

Delaware Minimum Wage Rates
DELAWARE
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$8.25


The State adopts the federal minimum wage rate by reference if the federal rate is greater than the State rate.

District of Columbia Minimum Wage Rates
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$11.50, effective July 1, 2016

40
The District of Columbia minimum wage equals the federal minimum wage plus $1.00 if it is set below the federal rate.

Florida Minimum Wage Rates
FLORIDA
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$8.10


Rate is increased annually based upon a cost of living formula.

Georgia Minimum Wage Rates
GEORGIA
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
(Applicable to employers of 6 or more employees)
$5.15


The State law excludes from coverage any employment that is subject to the federal Fair Labor Standards Act when the federal rate is greater than the State rate.

Guam Minimum Wage Rates
GUAM
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
 
$8.25
 
40

Hawaii Minimum Wage Rates
HAWAII
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$9.25

40
An employee earning a guaranteed monthly compensation of $2,000 or more is exempt from the State minimum wage and overtime law.
Domestic service workers are subject to Hawaii's minimum wage and overtime requirements. Act 248, Regular Session 2013.
The State law excludes from coverage any employment that is subject to the federal Fair Labor Standards Act unless the State wage rate is higher than the federal rate.

Idaho Minimum Wage Rates
IDAHO
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$7.25



Illinois Minimum Wage Rates
ILLINOIS
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
(Applicable to employers of 4 or more employees, excluding family members)

$8.25

40

Indiana Minimum Wage Rates
INDIANA
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
(Applicable to employers of 2 or more employees)
$7.25

40

Iowa Minimum Wage Rates
IOWA
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$7.25


The Iowa minimum wage equals the federal minimum wage rate if it is set below the federal rate.

Kansas Minimum Wage Rates
KANSAS
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$7.25

46
The State law excludes from coverage any employment that is subject to the federal Fair Labor Standards Act.

Kentucky Minimum Wage Rates
KENTUCKY
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$7.25

40
7th day
The 7th day overtime law, which is separate from the minimum wage law, requires premium pay on the seventh day for employees who work seven days in any one workweek.
The state adopts the federal minimum wage rate by reference if the federal rate is greater than the State rate.
Compensating time in lieu of overtime is allowed upon written request by an employee of any county, charter county, consolidated local government, or urban-county government, including an employee of a county-elected official.

Louisiana Minimum Wage Rates
LOUISIANA
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
There is no state minimum wage law.
N/A

N/A

Maine Minimum Wage Rates
MAINE
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$9.00, effective January 7, 2017

40
The Maine minimum wage equals the federal minimum wage when it is set below the federal rate, with the exception that any such increase is limited to no more than $1.00 per hour above the current legislated State rate.

Maryland Minimum Wage Rates
MARYLAND
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
 
$8.75, effective July 1, 2016
 
40
The Maryland minimum wage equals the federal minimum wage when set below the federal rate.

Massachusetts Minimum Wage Rates
MASSACHUSETTS
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$11.00

40
In no case shall the Massachusetts minimum wage rate be less than $0.50 higher than the effective federal minimum rate.

Michigan Minimum Wage Rates
MICHIGAN
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
(Applicable to employers of 2 or more employees)

$8.90

40
The State law excludes from coverage any employment that is subject to the federal Fair Labor Standards Act unless the State wage rate is higher than the federal rate.

Minnesota Minimum Wage Rates
MINNESOTA
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
Large employer (enterprise with annual receipts of $500,000 or more)
$9.50, effective August 1, 2016

48
Small employer (enterprise with annual receipts of less than $500,000)
$7.75, effective August 1, 2016

48

Mississippi Minimum Wage Rates
MISSISSIPPI
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
No state minimum wage law.
N/A

N/A

Missouri Minimum Wage Rates
MISSOURI
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$7.70

40
In addition to the exemption for federally covered employment, the law exempts, among others, employees of a retail or service business with gross annual sales or business done of less than $500,000.
Premium pay required after 52 hours in seasonal amusement or recreation businesses.
Minimum wage is to be increased or decreased by a cost of living factor starting January 1, 2008 and every January 1 thereafter.

Montana Minimum Wage Rates
MONTANA
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
Business with gross annual sales of more than $110,000
$8.15

40
Business not covered by the Fair Labor Standards Act with gross annual sales of $110,000 or less
$4.00

40
A business not covered by the federal Fair Labor Standards Act whose gross annual sales are $110,000 or less may pay $4.00 per hour, however, if an individual employee is producing or moving goods between states or otherwise covered by the federal Fair Labor Standards Act, that employee must be paid the greater of either the federal minimum wage or Montana’s minimum wage.
Minimum wage is subject to a cost of living adjustment done by September 30 of each year and effective on January 1 of the following year.

Nebraska Minimum Wage Rates
NEBRASKA
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
(Applicable to employers of 4 or more employees)

$9.00



Nevada Minimum Wage Rates
NEVADA
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$8.25 (with no health ins. benefits provided by employer)
8
40

$7.25 (with health ins. benefits provided by employer and received by employee)


The premium overtime pay requirement on either a daily or weekly basis is not applicable to employees who are compensated at not less than one and one-half times the minimum rate or to employees of enterprises having a gross annual sales volume of less than $250,000.
The minimum wage rate may be increased annually based upon changes in the cost of living index increase.

New Hampshire Minimum Wage Rates
NEW HAMPSHIRE
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$7.25

40
The New Hampshire minimum wage equals the federal minimum wage when set below the federal rate.

New Jersey Minimum Wage Rates
NEW JERSEY
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$8.44

40
The minimum wage rate is to be increased on an annual basis, on or about September 30 based on any percentage increase during the one-year period of August of the prior year through August of the current year of the consumer price index (CPI) for all urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W, U.S. City Average), as released by the United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

New Mexico Minimum Wage Rates
NEW MEXICO
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$7.50

40

New York Minimum Wage Rates
NEW YORK
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$9.70, effective December 31, 2016

40
The New York minimum wage equals the federal minimum wage when set below the federal rate.
For residential employees, the overtime rate applies after 44 hours.
Employers operating a factory, mercantile establishment, hotel, restaurant, freight/passenger elevator, or theater; or a building employing security guards, janitors, superintendents, managers, engineers, or firemen must provide 24 hours of consecutive rest each week. Domestic workers are entitled to 24 hours of consecutive rest each week, and receive premium pay if they work during such period.
Employees receive 1 hour’s pay at minimum wage rate in addition to owed wages when spread of hours exceeds 10 hours, there is a split shift, or both. While the minimum wage in much of New York is $9.70, under state law a different minimum wage applies in New York City and in certain other localities. See: https://labor.ny.gov/workerprotection/laborstandards/workprot/minwage.shtm for further guidance.

North Carolina Minimum Wage Rates
NORTH CAROLINA
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$7.25
 
40
Premium pay is required after 45 hours a week in seasonal amusements or recreational establishments.

North Dakota Minimum Wage Rates
NORTH DAKOTA
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$7.25

40

Ohio Minimum Wage Rates
OHIO
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
Employers with annual gross receipts of $299,000 or more.
$8.15

40
Employers with annual gross receipts under $299,000
$7.25
 40
Rate is increased annually based upon a cost of living formula.

Oklahoma Minimum Wage Rates
OKLAHOMA
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
Employers of ten or more full time employees at any one location and employers with annual gross sales over $100,000 irrespective of number of full time employees.

$7.25


All other employers.
$2.00


The Oklahoma state minimum wage law does not contain current dollar minimums. Instead the state adopts the federal minimum wage rate by reference.
The State law excludes from coverage any employment that is subject to the federal Fair Labor Standards Act.

Oregon Minimum Wage Rates
OREGON
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$9.75, effective July 1, 2016

40
Premium pay required after 10 hours a day in nonfarm canneries, driers, or packing plants and in mills, factories or manufacturing establishments (excluding sawmills, planning mills, shingle mills, and logging camps).
Beginning January 1, 2004, and annually thereafter, the rate will be adjusted for inflation by a calculation using the U.S. City Average Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers for All Items. The wage amount established will be rounded to the nearest five cents.

Pennsylvania Minimum Wage Rates
PENNSYLVANIA
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$7.25

40

Puerto Rico Minimum Wage Rates
PUERTO RICO
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$7.25/hour for employees covered by the FLSA
$5.08/hour for employees not covered by the FLSA
8
And on statutory rest day (double time)
40
(double time)

Employers covered by the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) are subject only to the federal minimum wage and all applicable regulations. Employers not covered by the FLSA will be subject to a minimum wage that is at least 70 percent of the federal minimum wage or the applicable mandatory decree rate, whichever is higher. The Secretary of Labor and Human Resources may authorize a rate based on a lower percentage for any employer who can show that implementation of the 70 percent rate would substantially curtail employment in that business.

Rhode Island Minimum Wage Rates
RHODE ISLAND
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$9.60

40
Time and one-half premium pay for work on Sundays and holidays in retail and certain other businesses is required under two laws that are separate from the minimum wage law.

South Carolina Minimum Wage Rates
SOUTH CAROLINA
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
No state minimum wage law.
N/A

N/A

South Dakota Minimum Wage Rates
SOUTH DAKOTA
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$8.65


South Dakota's minimum wage will be adjusted on an annual basis, increasing at the same rate as the cost of living as measured in the Consumer Price Index published by the U.S. Department of Labor. The amount of the increase will be rounded to the nearest five cents. The minimum wage cannot decrease.

Tennessee Minimum Wage Rates
TENNESSEE
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
No state minimum wage law.
N/A

N/A
The state does have a promised wage law whereby the employers are responsible for paying to the employees the wages promised by the employer.

Texas Minimum Wage Rates
TEXAS
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$7.25


The State law excludes from coverage any employment that is subject to the federal Fair Labor Standards Act.
The Texas State minimum wage law does not contain current dollar minimums. Instead the State adopts the federal minimum wage rate by reference.

Utah Minimum Wage Rates
UTAH
Basic Minimum Rate (per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$7.25
 

The Utah state minimum wage law does not contain current dollar minimums. Instead the state law authorizes the adoption of the federal minimum wage rate via administrative action.
The State law excludes from coverage any employment that is subject to the federal Fair Labor Standards Act.

Vermont Minimum Wage Rates
VERMONT
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
(Applicable to employers of two or more employees)
$10.00

40
The Vermont minimum wage is automatically replaced with the federal minimum wage rate if it is higher than the State minimum.

Virgin Islands Minimum Wage Rates
VIRGIN ISLANDS
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
State law
$7.25
8
40
On 6th and 7th consecutive days.
Except businesses with gross annual receipts of less than $150,000.
$4.30



Virginia Minimum Wage Rates
VIRGINIA
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
(Applicable to employers of 4 or more employees)

$7.25


The Virginia state minimum wage law does not contain current dollar minimums. Instead the state adopts the federal minimum wage rate by reference.
The State law excludes from coverage any employment that is subject to the federal Fair Labor Standards Act.

Washington Minimum Wage Rates
WASHINGTON
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$11.00

40
Premium pay not applicable to employees who request compensating time off in lieu of premium pay.
The rate will be adjusted annually for inflation by a calculation using the consumer price index for urban wage earners and clerical workers for the prior year.

West Virginia Minimum Wage Rates
WEST VIRGINIA
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly
(Applicable to employers of 6 or more employees at one location)

$8.75

40

Wisconsin Minimum Wage Rates
WISCONSIN
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$7.25

40

Wyoming Minimum Wage Rates
WYOMING
Basic Minimum Rate(per hour)
Premium Pay
After Designated Hours 2
Daily
Weekly

$5.15



1Like the federal wage and hour law, State law often exempts particular occupations or industries from the minimum labor standard generally applied to covered employment. Particular exemptions are not identified in this table. Users are encouraged to consult the laws of particular States in determining whether the State's minimum wage applies to a particular employment. This information often may be found at the websites maintained by State labor departments. Links to these websites are available at www.dol.gov/whd/contacts/state_of.htm.
2The overtime premium rate is one and one-half times the employee's regular rate, unless otherwise specified.

Consolidated State Minimum Wage Update Table
(Effective Date: 01/01/2017)
Greater than federal MW
Equals federal MW of $7.25
Less than federal MW
No MW Required
AK - $9.80
IA
GA - $5.15
AL
AR - $8.50
ID
WY - $5.15
LA
AZ - $10.00
IN

MS
CA - $10.50
KS

SC
CO - $9.30
KY

TN
CT - $10.10
NC


DC - $11.50
ND


DE - $8.25
NH


FL - $8.10
OK


HI – $9.25
PA
 

IL - $8.25
TX


MA - $11.00
UT


MD - $8.75
VA


ME - $9.00 (effective 1/7/17)
WI


MI - $8.90



MN - $9.50

 

MO - $7.70

 

MT - $8.15

 

NE - $9.00

 

NJ - $8.44



NM - $7.50



NY - $9.70



NV - $8.25



OH - $8.15



OR - $9.75



RI - $9.60



SD - $8.65



VT - $10.00



WA - $11.00



WV - $8.75



29 States + DC
14 States
2 States
5 States

  • The state minimum wage rate requirements, or lack thereof, are generally controlled by legislative activities within the individual states.
  • Federal minimum wage law supersedes state minimum wage laws where the federal minimum wage is greater than the state minimum wage. In those states where the state minimum wage is greater than the federal minimum wage, the state minimum wage prevails.
  • There are 2 states than have a minimum wage set lower than the federal minimum wage. There are 29 states plus the District of Columbia with minimum wage rates set higher than the federal minimum wage. There are 14 states that have a minimum wage requirement that is the same as the federal minimum wage requirement. The remaining 5 states do not have an established minimum wage requirement.
  • The District of Columbia has the highest minimum wage at $11.50/hour. The states of Georgia and Wyoming have the lowest minimum wage ($5.15/hour) of the 45 states that have a minimum wage requirement.
  • Note: There are 12 states (AK, AZ, CO, FL, MO, MT, NJ, NV, OH, OR, SD, and WA) that have minimum wages that are linked to a consumer price index. As a result of this linkage, the minimum wages in these states are normally increased each year, generally around January 1st. The exception is Nevada which adjusts in the month of July each year. Effective January 1, 2017, seven (7) of the 12 states increased their respective minimum wages.
Prepared By:
Division of Communications
Wage and Hour Division
U.S. Department of Labor
This document was last revised in January 1, 2017.

The Wage and Hour Division tries to ensure that the information on this page is accurate but individuals should consult the relevant state labor office for official information.
- https://www.dol.gov/whd/minwage/america.htm -

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[About] Ellen Eunkyung Lee, Esq. (이은경변호사)

Attorney Ellen Eunkyung Lee ("Lee") grew up in Korea, and majored in English Literature and Sociology at Yonsei University. ...